Capitalism and the Historians

Capitalism and the historians

Edited and with and Introduction by F.A.Hayek

Essays by T.S ASHTON, L.M. Hacker, W.H.Hutt, B. de Jouvenel.

Phoenix Book The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1974, 183p,
prix : 27 euros ;

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Le mot de l’éditeur
The views generally held about the rise of the factory system in Britan derive highly distorted accounts of the social consequences of thaht system – so say the distinguished economic historians whose papers make up this book. The authors offer documentary evidence to support their conclusion taht under capitalism the workers, despite long hours and other hardships of factory lif, were better off financially, had more opportunities, and led a better life than had been the case before the Industrial Revolution.

Contents

INTRODUCTION
History And Politics. F.A. Hayek

Part I
1. The Treatment of Capitalism by Historians. T.S.Ashton
2. The Anticapitalist Bias of American Historians. L.M. Hacker
3. The Treatment of Capitalism by Continental Intellectuals. Bertrand de Jouvenel

Part II
4. The Standard of Life of the Workers in England, 1790-1830 T.S. Ashton.
5. The Factoty System of the Early Nineteenth Century. W.H. Hutt



International Communism and World Revolution: History & Methods

 

by Günther Nollau, London, Hollis & Carter, 1961.

With a Foreword by Leonard Schapiro.

This English edition is a translation of the improved and expanded text of Die Internationale: Wurzeln und Erscheinungdformen des Proletarischen Internationalismus (Verlag fûr Politik und Wirtshaft, Cologne). The translation was made by Victor Andersen.

Prix : 25 euros.

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L’auteur :

Dr Günther Nollau was born in 1911 and trained as a lawyer, but was forbidden to practise under Hitler because he was known opponent of the Nazi regime. After serving with the German army in Greece he was invalided out in 1941 and practised as an independant lawyer in Crocow where he defended many Poles before the German courts. After the war he practised law in Dresden until conditions in East Germany compelled him to fleeeto West Berlin. He is at present a civil servant of the Federal Government and works in Bonn.

CONTENTS

Foreword v
Preface to the English Edition xiii
Preface to the German Edition xv
I. »PROLETARIAN INTERNATIONALISM » — WHAT IT WAS AND WHAT IT IS 1

II. THE ORIGINS
The League of Communists 9
The International Working Men’s Association (The First International) 13
The Second International 20
The International Socialist Congresses 21
The Causes of the Decline of the Second International 24
The Left-Wing Internationalists in 33

III. THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE COMMUNIST INTERNATIONAL
The First World Congress 39
The Second World Congress 45
The Twenty-one Conditions and the Statutes of the Communist International 51
The Influence of the Russian Communist Party on the Comintern in 1920 56
The Comintern and the Peoples of the East 59
The Revolutionary Advance and the Russian Crisis of 64
The Action of 68
The Third World Congress 70
The Third Congress and the World Revolution 72
The United Front, the Workers’ Government and New Setbacks (The Fourth Congress) 75
October 1923 82
The Fifth World Congress 86
Stalin and the German « Left » 89
Socialism in one Country 92
« International Trade Union Unity » — The 1926 General Strike in England 97
The Chinese Disaster 98
Defeats result in New Movement to the Left 105
The Sixth World Congress 106
The Course moves further Left 107
Preparations for a New Revolt in 108
The Popular Front Policy in 114
Münzenberg in Paris 119
The Seventh World Congress 122

IV. THE ORGANIZATION AND METHODS OF THE COMMUNIST INTERNATIONAL
The Organization 125
The World Congress and the ECCI 125
The Sections of the ECCI 129
The Org-Bureau and Finance Section 131
The International Control Commission (ICC) 133
The ECCI Territorial Secretariats (Regional Secretariats) 134
The International Relations Section (OMS) 136
The Commissions 138
The « Permanent Bureaux » of the ECCI 139
The West European Bureau 142
International Mass Organizations 146
The Red Trade Union International (Profintern) 147
The Seamen’s and Port Workers’ International (ISH) 149
The Red Youth International 150
The Women’s Section of the Comintern (International of Communist Women) 153
The International Red Relief (IRR or MOPR) 154
The Comintern’s Methods 156
The Division of Responsibilities among the Members of the Presidium of the ECCI 158
The ECCI Plenipotentiaries 159
Illegal Methods 162
The Comintern’s Auxiliary Offices and Bases 163
The « International Instructors » 165
The Financing of the Communist Parties 167
Schools and Universities 171
Other Comintern Influences on the Individual Communist 176
The Comintern and the Soviet Intelligence Services 177
The Comintern’s Press and Agit-Prop work 183
The Publications of the ECCI and the Sections 183

V. THE END OF THE COMINTERN
The Purges 188
The Stalin-Hitler Pact — The Gravestone of the Comintern 194
The Dissolution of the Comintern 201

VI. THE COMINFORM 211
The Founding of the Cominform 216
The Organization and Activities of the Cominform 228
The Conflict with Yugoslavia 233
What the Cominform was not 245
The Dissolution of the Cominform 251

VII. PROLETARIAN INTERNATIONALISM AFTER THE DEATH OF STALIN 257
The Discussion at the Twentieth Party Congress 259
The Effects of Khrushchev’s Secret Speech 261
The « Marxist » Analysis 269
Poland at the Cross-roads — October 1956 270
« Proletarian Internationalism » in Hungary 275
The Crisis of Internationalism 279
The Problem of the Military Intervention 279
The Principle of Non-Intervention 284
The Leading Role of the CPSU and the Soviet Union 286
National Communism 289
New Forms of Collaboration — a New International? 290
The Fortieth Anniversary Celebration of the October Revolution 295
The Campaign against Yugoslav Revisionism 298
The Soviets and the Chinese Party 304
Proletarian Internationalism Today 311

APPENDICES

I. Rules and Constitution of the Communist League 323
II. General Rules of the International Working Men’s Association 328
III. William Pieck’s part in the arrest of Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht 332
IV. Statutes of the Third International 334
V. The 21 Conditions 339
VI. Letters of Munzenberg 345
BIBLIOGRAPHY 347
INDEX 353

 



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